Human Anatomy for Elementary School Children

The children loved this activity.

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We made life size diagrams of our bodies! We traced each child’s body onto butcher paper.

It was a lot of fun to come up with different materials to use for different organs. For the brain we used crumpled newspaper. The kids had fun drawing their own eyes and mouth. The esophagus was a piece of para-cord (my boys love making para-cord bracelets so we have a lot of that stuff around the house).

The lungs were pieces of cotton that we unrolled.

We used cut out pieces of construction paper or scraps of fabric for most of the organs.

The veins moving through the arms, hands and legs were made of curly Christmas ribbon (just think of any kind of string that comes on a roll or in long pieces. Yarn would have worked fine too).

We didn’t get to the bones of the body but you could. The kids had fun collecting little twigs from the yard and pieces of bark that we intended on using for bones.

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*I taught the kids briefly what each organ does as we put it together on the diagram.

*My twelve year old helped me look up some definitions and then I had him type up simple definitions using as many of his own words as possible. This is what he came up with:

 

 

BRAIN

 

Your brain is an essential part of your body. It is what allows you to think, controls your movements, and helps you use your five senses. Sometimes it is referred to as a large computer!

 

MOUTH

Your mouth is what starts the digestive system. When you chew, your mouth recognizes it and sends saliva (spit) to break down our food. That’s why your food dissolves in your mouth sometimes!

 

ESOPHAGUS

Your esophagus is your throat. After you swallow, your food travels down this tube to your stomach.

 

STOMACH

Your stomach stores food and then breaks it down into a liquid. In your stomach there is finger like bacteria called villi. These villi help breakdown the food and also remove any bad bacteria.

 

SMALL INTESTINE

The small intestine is a long wavy tube that is twisted and scrunched up into your body. If you unraveled your small intestine it would be twenty-five feet long!

 

PANCREAS, LIVER, GALLBLADER

The pancreas, liver and gallbladder do similar things. The gallbladder and pancreas take out and grind tough things like meat and grease. The liver takes out carbon dioxide and spits it out through pores (holes) in your skin.

 

LARGE INTESTINE

The large intestine is about five feet long. It is called the large intestine because it is wider than the small intestine. It takes the excess food and sends it to be deposited out of your body.

 

LUNGS

The lungs allow you to breathe and move oxygen through your veins. Your veins then carry the oxygen to your brain and other parts of your body.

 

 

*A fun idea to enhance their knowledge of the different organs and their functions would be to make a matching game.

Make one set of cards with a definition printed on each one. Make another set of cards with simple drawings of each organ.

Let the kids have fun trying to make matches with the organs to their right functions!

*You could let the kids make the cards on their own using their own handwriting for the definitions and their own drawings for the organs.

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